Semester A, 2013/2014

Sunday, 12:00-14:00, Ornstein 103 (lecture)

Thursday, 12:00-14:00, Ornstein 103 (lecture)

Sunday, 14:00-16:00, Ornstein 103 (tutoring)

Tuesday, 15:00-17:00, Holcblat (tutoring)

- The extra lecture has moved to Thursday, 16 January 2014, 10:00-12:00, at Shenkar 104.
- Please take part in the teaching survey

Tamar Zelovich (Ornstein 405, 8902, tamizilo@gmail.com)

Itai Leven (Ornstein 405, 8902, itaileve@post.tau.ac.il)

Alexey Fomin (Interdisciplinary 201, 9597, alexeyfo@post.tau.ac.il)

Karina Pivnik (Ornstein 218, 5658, karinapi@mail.tau.ac.il)

Mailing list

Course fact sheet including a detailed syllabus

Bibliography

Addional material from MIT's OpenCourseWare

**Lecture 1**(13/10/13)- The context of thermodynamics: why study large systems separately?
- Mathematical reminder: derivative, partial derivative, differential, exact differential
- State function

Class Exercise #1

Home Exercise #1 Solution #1

**Lecture 2**(17/10/13)- State function, thermodynamic path, thermodynamic cycle
- Thermodynamic variables, intensive vs. extensive quantities, environment (reservoir)

**Lecture 3**(20/10/13)- Systems in contact: isolated system, thermal contact, pressure contact, diffusive contact
- Thermodynamic equilibrium
- Thermodynamic processes: isothermal process, isobaric process, isochoric process, adiabatic process, reversible process
- Ideal and real gases, virial expansion

Home Exercise #2 Solution #2

**Lecture 4**(24/10/13)- Real gases: van der Waals equation of state
- Zeroth law of thermodynamics
- First law of thermodynamics
- Work, heat

**Lecture 5**(27/10/13)- Heat capacity
- Enthalpy
- Heat capacities at constant volume and constant pressure

Class Exercise #3 Solution to Class Exercise #3

Home Exercise #3 Solution #3

**Lecture 6**(31/10/13)- Processes in an ideal gas: isothermal expansion, isobaric heating, isochoric heating, adiabatic expansion

**Lecture 7**(7/11/13)- Processes in an ideal gas (cont.): adiabatic expansion, irreversible free expansion
- Thermochemistry, Hess law

Home Exercise #4 Solution #4

**Lecture 8**(10/11/13)- Second law of thermodynamics: Carnot principle, Kelvin-Planck law, entropy, irreversible processes, Clausius' formulation, spontaneous processes.

**Lecture 9**(14/11/13)- Systems at equilibrium and out of equilibrium
- Entropy change in reversible and irreversible processes
- Entropy change in an ideal gas

Home Exercise #5 Solution #5

**Lecture 10**(17/11/13)- The statistical interpretation of entropy
- Entropy of mixing
- Heat engine

**Lecture 11**(21/11/13)- Heat engine (cont.)
- Heat pump

Home Exercise #6 Solution #6

**Lecture 12**(24/11/13)- Legendre transform
- Thermodynamic potentials and natural variables: internal energy, Helmholtz free energy

**Lecture 13**(28/11/13)- Gibbs free energy
- Homogeneous functions, Gibbs-Duhem equation
- Gibbs-Helmholtz equation

Home Exercise #7 Solution #7

**Lecture 14**(5/12/13)- Midterm exam

**Lecture 15**(8/12/13)- Grand-canonical potential
- Maxwell relations

Home Exercise #8 Solution #8

**Lecture 16**(12/12/13)- Maxwell relations (cont.)
- The third law of thermodynamics

Home Exercise #9 Solution #9

**Lecture 17**(15/12/13)- Thermodynamic degrees of freedom
- Activity
- Fugacity
- Chemical equilibrium

**Lecture 18**(19/12/13)- Chemical equilibrium (cont.)

Home Exercise #10 Solution #10

Summary of formulas for chemical equilibrium

**Lecture 19**(22/12/13)- Chemical equilibrium (cont.)

**Lecture 20**(26/12/13)- Chemical equilibrium (cont.)
- Gas-liquid phase transition
- Critical point
- Law of corresponding states

Home Exercise #11 Solution #11

**Lecture 21**(29/12/13)- Coexistence: equal-area construction, lever rule

**Lecture 22**(5/1/14)- Metastable phases: super-heating, super-cooling
- Phase diagrams
- Gibbs phase rule

Home Exercise #12 Solution #12

**Lecture 23**(9/1/14)- Chemical potential and entropy in first-order phase transitions
- Latent heat
- Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron equations
- Gas-liquid coexistence in binary mixtures
- Bubble line; dew line

**Lecture 24**(12/1/14)- Raoult's law; Historical perspective on Raoult and his law
- Phase diagram of binary mixtures

**Lectures 25+26**(16/1/14)

2009/2010 A 2009/2010 B

2010/2011 A 2010/2011 B

2011/2012 A 2011/2012 B

2012/2013 A 2012/2013 B