13 May 1945                  Born in Jerusalem


1958-1963                     High School Education


1963-1965                     Military Service


1966-1969                     BA in Russian Studies and Political Science, Hebrew University, Jerusalem


1969-1973                     D.Phil., Oxford University. Title of dissertation: "Anglo-Soviet Relations in the 1920s" under the supervision of E.H. Carr





1974 -                            Professor of History, Department of History, Tel Aviv University, Israel


1994-                             Editor, The Cummings Center Series


1995 -                            Elected Foreign Full Member of the Russian

                                      Academy of Science


1996 -                            Incumbent of  “The Samuel Rubin Chair of Russian and East European History and Civilization”, Tel Aviv University


2003 -                            Director, The Cummings Center for Russian Studies, Tel Aviv University


1977-1981                     Editor, Slavic and Soviet Series


1978-1979                     Secretary, Israeli Association of Slavic and East European Studies


1979-1980                     Associated Member, St. Antony's College, Oxford


1986-1987                     Fellow, The Wilson Center, Washington, DC.


1986-1993                     Academic adviser to the Staff College of the Israeli Defence Forces


1990 - 1998                   Director of the Cummings Center for Russian and East European Studies, Tel Aviv University


1998 - 2001                   Director of the Curiel Center for International Studies, Tel Aviv University


1991-2 and 94-5            President, Israeli Association of Slavic and East European Studies


1993-1994                     Visiting Fellow, St. Antony' College, Oxford


Summer, 1998                Fellow, Kennan Institute, Washington CD


þSummer, 2001                Visiting Professor, the Center of Applied Politics (CAP), Munich


Winter, 2001-2002         Guest Professor, Koeln University


Summer, 2002                Guest Professor, Institute of Politics, Munich University


Winter Semes. 2002-3    Eric-Voegelin Visiting Professor, Munich University


Winter Semes. 2003       Guest Professor, Central European University, Budapest


2005-2006                     Visiting Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford










1.         The Precarious Truce: Anglo-Soviet Relations, 1924-1927 (Cambridge University Press, 1977). (284 pp.)


2.         Stafford Cripps' Mission to Moscow, 1940-1942 (Cambridge University Press, 1984) (361 pp.) (Revised reprint in paperback, Cambridge University Press, 2002).


3.         Mif Ledokola (Moscow, Progress, 1995) (350 pp.). (In Russian: The Icebreaker Myth).


4.         Grand Delusion: Stalin and the German Invasion of Russia (Yale, University Press, 1999) (550 pp.). (paperback edition, 2001)


            Le Grand Jeu de Dupes (French translation, Belles Lettres, Paris, 2000) (573 pp.).


            Self-Deception: Stalin and the German Invasion of Russia (Hebrew translation, Ma'arachot, Tel Aviv, 1999) (450 pp.)


            Rokovoi samoobman. Stalin i napadenie Germanii na Sovetskii soiuz (Russian translation, Rospen, Moscow, 1999)


            Die Täuschung: Stalin, Hitler und das “Unternehmen Barbarossa” (German translation, Siedler, Berlin, 2001) paperback edition, 2003)




The Grand Alliance in World War II Revisited




1.         Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-1991: A Retrospective (Frank Cass, London, 1994) (227 pp.)


2.         with A. Chubarian, Sovetskaia vneshniaia politika v retrospektive (Moscow, Nauka, 1993) (280 pp.).


3.         with A. Chubarian, Voina i Politika, 1939-1941 (Nauka, Moscow, 1999). (War and Politics, 1939-1941).


4. initiator and co-editor, Documents on Israeli-Soviet Relations, 1941-1953 (2 vols.)(Cass, London, 2000) (998 pp.).


5.         with B. Pyadishchev, guest editor of the November 1998 issue of Mezhdunarodnaia Zhizn'.


6.          with W. Weidenfeld, Regional Security in the Wake of the Collapse of the Soviet Union: Europe and the Middle East (Europa Union Verlag, Munich, 2002)


7.          Russia between East and West: Russian Foreign Policy on the Threshold of the 21st Century (Cass, London, 2003)


8.         The Moscow Diaries of Stafford Cripps (forthcoming, Routledge, 2005)


9.          Maisky’s Diaries, 1933-1943 (forthcoming, Yale University Press, 2007)







1.         "The Other `Zinoviev Letters' - New Light on the Mismanagement of theAffair", Slavic and Soviet Series, Vol. 1, No. 3 (1976), pp. 1-30.


2.         "The Soviet Union and Britain's General Strike of May 1926", Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique, Vol. XVII, Nos. 2-3 (1976), pp. 287-310.


3.         "Enforced Cooperation: The Politics of the Grand Alliance", Zmanim, Vol. 10 (1985), pp. 20-35.


4.         "The Hess Affair and Anglo-Soviet Relations on the Eve of `Barbarossa'", English Historical Review, Vol. CI, No. 399 (April, 1986), pp. 405-20.


5.         "Was Stalin Really Planning to Attack Hitler in June 1941?", Journal of the Royal United Services Institute, Vol. 131, No 2 (June, 1986). pp. 19-30.


6.         "Churchill's Warning to Stalin: A Reappraisal", Historical Journal, Vol. 29, No. 4 (1986), pp. 979-90.


7.         "The Origins of the Cold War: Churchill, Stalin and the Formation of the Grand Alliance", Russian Review, Vol. 47, No. 2 (1988). pp. 145-170.


8.         "Ideology and Real-Politik: The Formulation of Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-1927", Zmanim, Vol. 13 (1988). pp. 134-143


9.         "`Unternehmen Barbarossa': Eine Auseinandersetzung mit der legende vom deutschen Präventivschlag" Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, No. 4 (Munich, 1989), pp. 645-73.


10.       "The Domestic Opposition to Churchill in the Wake of the Invasion of Russia", Történelmi Szemle (Historical Review, published by the Hungarian Academy of Science) No. 1 (1990), pp. 20-35.


11.       "Stalin und Hitlers Angriff auf die Sowjet Union", in Bernd Wegner (ed.), Zwei Wege nach Moskau (Piper, München, 1990), pp. 347-366.


11a.     "Stalin and Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union", in Bernd Wegner (ed.), From Peace to War: Germany, Soviet Russia and the World, 1939-1941 (Oxford, 1997).


12.       "22 June 1941 - Hitler's Surprise Attack on Russia", Zmanim, Vol. 4 No. 36. (In Hebrew)


13.       "The Impact of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact on the Course of Soviet Foreign Policy", Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique, Vol. 31, No. 1 (1990), pp. 27-41.


14.       "Churchill' i sovetskii soiuz posle 22 iiunia 1941", Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, No. 6 (1990), pp. 61-78. ("Chucrhill and the Soviet Union in the wake of 22 June 1941", The Journal of Modern History of the Soviet Academy of Science).


15.       "The Implication of the German-Soviet Pact on the Western Democracies Reconsidered", in D.W. Pike (ed.), The Opening of the Second World War (Paris, 1991), pp. 179-187.


16.       "Excerpts from the Diary and Private Papers of Sir Stafford Cripps, British Ambassador to Moscow, 1940 to 1942", Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, No. 3 (1991), pp. 118-44. (The Journal of Modern History of the Soviet Academy of Science).


17.       "Kanun voiny", Voprosy Istorii, Vol. 11-12 (1992), pp. 159-170. ("On the Eve of the War" Problems of History - the Journal of History of the Russian Academy of Science).


18.       "General Golikov", in Harry Shukman (ed.), Stalin's Generals (London, 1993), pp. 77-87.


19.       "The Third Russian Revolution: From the Soviet Union to the CIS" (in Hebrew), in The Disintegration of the Soviet Empire (Tel Aviv, 1993), pp. 17-30.


20.       "An Alliance of Sorts: The Origins of Allied Strategy", in J. Erickson and D. Dilks (eds), Barbarossa: the Axis and the Allies (Edinburgh University Press, 1994)


21.       "Naperedonyi vijni", Ukrains'kii istorichnii zhurnal, No. 3 (402), 1995 (In Ukrainian: "On the Eve of the War", The Historical Journal of the Ukrainian Academy of Sceince)


22.       "Russian `Appeasement' of Germany in Spring 1941", Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche beschichte, XXIV (1995), pp. 257-282.


23.       "Vosstanavleivat' istinu o vtoroi mirovoi voiny" ("Establishing Truth about the Second World War"), Voprosy Istorii, No. 5-6 (1995), pp. 142-9. (Problems of History - the Journal of History of the Russian Academy of Science).


24.       "Sovetskaia istoriografiia mirovoi voine", ("Soviet historiography of World War II", in Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, No. 3 (1995) (The Journal of modern history of the Soviet Academy of Science).


25.       The Balkan Clue: Hitler’s Decision on Operation “Barbarossa”, Zmanim (in Hebrew), Vol. 14 No. 56, 1996


26.       "Between the Hammer-Sickle and the Swastika: the Balkans in World War II" in V.K.Volkov (ed.), Bolgariia mezhdu Rossiei i Germaniei (Moscow, 1997) (in Russian: Bulgaria between Russia and Germany) (35 pp.)


27.       "L’Union sovietique et le coup d’Etat yougoslave, avril 1941", Communisme (Sorbonne), No. 49-50, 1997.


28.       "Les dessous du pacte germano-sovietique", and "Généalogie d'un mensonage", Le Monde Diplomatique, (July, 1997).


29.       "L'indizio balcanico: Hitler e l'operatione `Barbarossa'", in F. De Felice (ed.), Antifascismi e Resistenze (Annali Fondazione Instituto Gramsci, Rome, 1997), pp. 345-367.


30.       “Geopolitical Factors in Stalin’s Strategy and Politics in the Wake of the Outbreak of World War II” in Andrea Romano (ed.) Russia in the Age of Wars (Feltrinelli, Milano, 2000).


31.       “The Soviet Union and the Creation of the State of Israel”, Journal of Israeli  History Vol. 22, No. 1, 2003.