For an overview of literature on this topic, see:

For a more elaborate historical account see Miguel de Asúa, Ciencia y Literatura. Un Relato Histórico, Buenos Aires, Eudeba (2004).

A recent issue of Science in Context [Vol. 18 (4) - Dec. 2005] is fully devoted to historical analyses of the relationships between literature and science, from the eighteenth century onwards.

Calculating the Limits of Poetic License:
Fictional Narrative and the History of Mathematics

Leo Corry - Tel Aviv University