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This course examines gender in Middle Eastern societies by examining central related issues. Through a criticizing approach it reviews various discourses, notions, ideologies and social practices, generally and by focusing in specific cases. Orientalism, postcolonialism, patriarchy, modernization, state, national projects, feminisms, citizenship, family, sexuality regime, masculinities and femininities compose the range of issues that the course examines them as gendered in the one hand, and through which it examines gender, in the other hand.

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- Politics and Palestinian-Arab Women in Israel: Between the 'Private' and the 'Public' ‏ (06083402)

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This course examines the position of Palestinian-Arab women in Israel in politics in its different notions and levels as well as the connections between both, by looking at relevant socio-economic and political arenas, sites, phenomenon and social practices. Starting from representations and participations forms in formal politics both in national and municipal levels, through NGO'S, 'honor' killing and ending with gender relations as they are reflected in formal as well as informal politics in familial units (nuclear, extended and Hamoleh). Forces and factors in the macro level, the inner-communal, the micro level as well as the intersections among them are addressed, where gender and affiliation to ethno-national minority are focused on.

The course is opened for BA students who learned at least one core course from women and gender studies.

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  • ' ' 28/01/2010 12:30
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The Shi`a from Acquiescence to Revolution
The course will survey the major developments in the history of the Shia, starting from its emergence as a religious movement, while focusing on the modern era. The course will focus on the interchange between ideological developments and their historical circumstance along time, such as the consolidation of the clergy and its relations with states in specific historical contexts, in order to analyze the Shia as a dynamic phenomenon.

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  • ' ' 01/02/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 30/04/2010 9:00

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This is an elementary course designed to provide the student with the essentials of Arabic grammar needed for accurate reading and comprehension of classical and modern Arabic texts. Among the topics to be discussed: verb conjugation, the sound and broken plural forms, the dual forms, agreement rules, case inflection, the number, etc.

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  • ' ' 25/01/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 24/02/2010 18:00

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Grammar A:
The course starts with a survey of the phonological system of Literary Arabic. This is followed by a detailed study of the verbal morphophonemic system, and then by a survey of the main noun and adjective patterns. The final part of the course is devoted to text reading and a discussion of selected grammatical issues based upon the text.

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  • ' ' 14/06/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 18/07/2010 9:00

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Grammar B:
The course is devoted to a systematic study of the syntax of Written Arabic, classical and modern. Three basic sentence types will be presented that will constitute a model for the identification of structure and for the analysis of complex sentences. This will be followed by a detailed discussion of a list of syntactic phenomena. The exercises consist of: identification of sentence types, sentence analysis using a technique acquired during the first lessons, full vocalization of the text and its translation into Hebrew.

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  • ' ' 05/02/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 12/03/2010 9:00

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Tutorial in basic terms of Islam
The aim of this course is to provide basic information about the sources that the Islamic religion is based upon the Quran and Muslim tradition-- and the additional literature that evolved around them. Further details about the topics discussed can be found at the Virtual on-line site of the course. Towards the end of the course students will be taught citation rules (through the Virtual on-line site), which they will use in the final assignment.
Prerequisite: Knowledge of Arabic

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Introduction to Modern Arabic Literature
This course deals with the development of Modern Arabic Literature since the middle of 19th century. The focus is on the main three genres: fiction, poetry and drama, and on the main trends, writers and works.

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  • ' ' 21/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 27/07/2010 12:30

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Introduction to the History of Modern Arabic Literature - Exercise

The purpose of this course is to examine literary texts from the 19th and the 20th centuries, to follow the development of new genres, to analyze the characteristics of the texts in both theme and style, to point out the dilemmas and solutions which the writers of that period had to cope with and to find out how Classic Arabic Literature and European and Western Literature influenced these texts.

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  • ' ' 17/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 21/07/2010 12:30

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Studies in the historical works of Tabari and Masudi
The theoretical part: A comprehensive introduction on the development of historical writing in the Muslim world, from the Riwayat through the actual writing of history in the works of Tabari and Masudi In the second stage, reading ancient compositions based only upon the Riwayat. In the third stage, reading selected passages from the writings of Tabari and Masudi, selections connected to important historical events. In analyzing the passages, emphasis will be placed on the writing methods of each and on the differences between them and their predecessors.

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  • ' ' 27/01/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 26/02/2010 9:00

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Shiism:
Course objectives:
Acquaintance with the historical background and fundamental principles of Twelver Shiism; the various Shiite denominations; Shiite articles of faith; the Mahdi; loyalty and obedience to the Imam (wilaya) as the Prophets successor (wasi); virtues of the Imam; the Imams occultation (ghayba); the concepts of nasbi vs. rafdi; the Imams infallibility; taqiyya (the principle of religious dissimulation); Shiite holidays; the training of Shiite clerics (hawza ilmiyya); the sanctity of the soil of Karbala; cult of the Euphrates in Shiisim; differences between Shiite and Sunni Islam; the Shiite calendar.

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  • ' ' 06/07/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 08/08/2010 12:30

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The Sources for Research on Islam
The course provides students with the necessary tools enabling them to examine and use the sources for research in the religion of Islam: the Quran and early Muslim tradition (the Hadith literature) and its various aspects. Throughout the course different approaches to the study of the Quran and Islam will be discussed. The skills acquired during this course will be applied in the final assignment, which will deal with a specific topic related to early Islam. Topics and reading materials can be found at the courses Virtual on-line site.
Prerequisite course: Tutorial in basic terms of Islam

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Marginal social characters in classical Arabic literature

An acquaintance with a variety of marginal social characters, as presented in the medieval Arabic literature. A glance at some major literary characteristics involved in the formation of several colorful and graceful literary heroes of low social strata origins.

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  • ' ' 05/07/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 10/08/2010 12:30

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The theoretical part: Survey of the basic characteristics of the Judaeo-Arabic literature & language.
The practical part: Reading & analyzing texts in Judaeo-Arabic That reflect those characteristics, for example the works of Rabbi Tanchm ha-Yeralm (1219-1291).In addition, this course will provide the student with the essential tools needed for accurate reading and comprehension, for instance using a dictionary for texts written in Judaeo-Arabic

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  • ' ' 15/02/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 19/03/2010 9:00

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This course will deal with the movement of the "Muslim Brotherhood" that celebrates its 80th anniversary in 2008. We shall read from the writings of its founders and leaders and try to understand how it became a major political and religious factor in the current Muslim world.
Good knowledge of Arabic is required.

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  • ' ' 09/07/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 05/08/2010 12:30

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Modern Arabic Drama
The development of this genre in Syria and Egypt is at the center of this course. Samples of the works of the best dramatists are discussed and analyzed.

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  • ' ' 21/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 04/08/2010 12:30

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Introduction to classical Arabic literature
Mr. Amir Lerner
A survey of major characteristics in medieval Arabic literature: Description of the bases and foundations of "Adab" literature, such as ancient pre-Islamic Arabic ethos and poetry, emergence and consolidation of Islam, Greek philosophy and Indo-Persian culture (etc.). A consideration of some forces (for example: nomad life and sedentary, Arabs and foreigners) involved in shaping and constructing a rich and diverse literary product, mainly high evolved prose genres of ʿAbbasid caliphate and later times.

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  • ' ' 03/02/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 19/03/2010 9:00

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An exercise course corresponding with the lecture "Introduction to classical Arabic literature"
Mr. Amir Lerner
A guided medieval Arabic prose reading, especially from writings of three of the most important authors: Ibn al-Muḳaffaʿ, al-Djḥiẓ and Ibn Ḳutayba, as an initial acquaintance with the bases of "Adab" literature. An analysis of some literary concepts, ideas, forms and substances, along with enhancement of basic important tools needed in handling and understanding of such texts (use of dictionaries, encyclopedias, biographical sources).

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  • ' ' 08/02/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 05/03/2010 9:00

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Introduction to the Qur'an
This course deals with the history of the text of the Quran, its main ideas and interpretations, and includes readings from Muslim exegetical literature (Tafsir). The primary purpose is to introduce central aspects of the relation between Islamic exegesis on the one hand, and the sacred text on the other. More information about this course, its themes and selected bibliography can be found at the courses Virtual on-line site.

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  • ' ' 24/06/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 25/07/2010 9:00

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Modern Arabic Fiction
This course focuses on famous Arabic narrative writers who influenced the development of modern Arabic fiction. Samples of their writings are discussed and analyzed.

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  • ' ' 27/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 04/08/2010 12:30

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Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts A

In this tutorial students will be reading texts from the early Islamic tradition (Hadith) and its varieties: the Sira literature (the life of the Prophet), historiography and early Islamic law. The readings will include an analysis of the contents of traditions and their chains of transmitters. Also discussed will be the nature of these traditions and their formation, parallel traditions, and important collections of traditions. A detailed list of the texts and bibliography can be found at the courses Virtual on-line site.
*** Students in the Islamic Studies track are required to take the Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts B. Students in the Arabic Language and Literature track are required to take either 'Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts A or Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts B

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  • ' ' 17/02/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 24/03/2010 18:00

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Tutorial in religioushistoriographical Texts B

In this tutorial students will be reading texts from the early Islamic tradition (Hadith) and its varieties: the Sira literature (the life of the Prophet), historiography and early Islamic law. The readings will include an analysis of the contents of traditions and their chains of transmitters. Also discussed will be the nature of these traditions and their formation, parallel traditions, and important collections of traditions. A detailed list of the texts and bibliography can be found at the courses Virtual on-line site.
*** Students in the Islamic Studies track are required to take the Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts B. Students in the Arabic Language and Literature track are required to take either Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts A or Tutorial in religioushistoriographical texts B

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  • ' ' 30/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 02/08/2010 9:00

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An exercise course in classical literary texts
An advanced reading of some medieval Arabic literary sources. An acquaintance with diverse literary materials and forms, examination and explanation of the historical and artistic contexts, and analysis of literary structure and language

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  • ' ' 12/07/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 13/08/2010 9:00

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Translating Literary Texts
Besides a theoretical discussion of Translation Studies and literary translation, the course focuses on issues which translators of modern Arabic literature into Hebrew deal with.

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  • ' ' 28/01/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 05/03/2010 9:00

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Translating Non-Literary Texts
Besides a theoretical discussion of Translation Studies and non-literary translation, the course focuses on issues which translators of modern non-literary Arabic texts into Hebrew deal with.

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  • ' ' 07/07/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 12/08/2010 12:30

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This course will focus on elucidate major principles on non orthodox Islam sects .like Imamiyya Shi'a Isma'iliyya, Zaydiyya, Nusayriyya, Duruz, Ahmadiyya, Mu'tazila, And khawarij.

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  • ' ' 16/02/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 24/03/2010 18:00

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Grammatical analysis of Arabic texts:
This course may be taken by students who successfully finished the courses Grammar A and Grammar B. Classes are devoted to reading and analyzing complex texts in both Classical and Modern Literary Arabic. Students will be required to analyze the texts, vocalize them accurately, and translate them into Hebrew. Complex syntactical issues will be discussed, which were not dealt with in Grammar B.

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  • ' ' 28/06/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 06/08/2010 9:00

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Modern Arab Women Writers
The purpose of the course is to acquaint the student with a number of distinguished Arab women writers who began their writing careers in the twentieth century, and to study the main problems and themes dealt with by them. Does womens literature possess specific characteristics, dilemmas, motifs, challenges etc.?

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This course will deal with the thought of two prominent Muslim thinkers Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida , who are considered the founders of Islamic Modernism .This important school of thought searched(in the last quarter of the 19 th century and the beginning of the 20th century) for ways to reconcile Islam with the challenges-practical and ideological- posed by the growing western influence.
Good knowledge of Arabic is required.

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  • ' ' 10/02/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 26/03/2010 9:00

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Qur'an and Torah: Between Two Scriptures
This course is dedicated to discuss the role of the Torah in relation to the Qur'an. The discussion will be based upon scrutinizing Jewish-Islamic traditions, including the stories of the prophets and ancient peoples, commandment and laws, beliefs and ideas, moral phrases and wisdom parables, quoted from the Torah.
Furthermore, there will be an examining of the confrontation of early Muslim Scholars with these traditions in relation to the Quran's commandment and perceptions.
As a seminar, this course requires participation by all students.



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The course will deal with poetic texts from different classical periods: Jahiliyya, Rashidiya, Umayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian. Throughout the course we inquire into the thematical, artistic and structural evolution of classical poetry. The course will focus on various basic concepts used by classical and modern Arab scholars for analyzing and criticizing classical Arabic poetry, among them prosody and rhetoric.

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  • ' ' 04/07/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 11/08/2010 12:30

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The course will deal, basically, with Arabic prose, the stages in its evolution, and its genres: rhetoric, letter, Maqama, anecdote, literary criticism, commentary etc. The course will focus on the structure and the content of the texts, with a special focus on how ancient Arab criticism treated the different genres.

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  • ' ' 07/02/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 05/03/2010 9:00

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Arabic historiography is characterized by various writing models: annals (each year constitutes a separate chapter), divisions according to periods of rulers and dynasties, biographies, and even a model
combining the annals system with the biographical one (each year constitutes a chapter ending with the biographies of personages who passed away during that year). Our course will introduce to the
participants several examples of these writing models.

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Literature and Politics
This seminar deals with the relation between modern Arabic literature and political changes in the Arab world and Israel. The student will become acquainted with different literary compositions by Arab writers, as well as with critical essays and studies that reflect ideological and political inclinations. We shall examine ways of mutual influence between literature and politics, and highlight literary and contextual traits in the polysystem of Arabic literature.

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Studies in the writings of Sbawayhi and Zamaxar:
This course presents the basic concepts of medieval Arabic grammatical thinking. Classes will be devoted to reading and analyzing texts dealing with fundamental issues in Arabic syntax. The texts will be taken from Sbawayhis al-Kitb (8th century) and from Zamaxars Kitb al-Mufaṣṣal (12th century) and Ibn Yaʿs commentary (13th century). Among the topics to be discussed: verb complements, auxiliary verbs, the nominal sentence and conditional sentences. Special attention will be given to developments in theory and grammatical terminology throughout the years.

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The Character of the Other in Modern Arabic Literature
This seminar discusses the issue of the "Other" theoretically and empirically in modern Arabic narrative texts. Three types of the "Other" are emphasized: the woman, the Jew/Zionist/Israeli and the West.

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Language and style in Modern Arabic Fiction in Syria
This course will discuss the development and the unique properties of the Arabic fiction in Syria since the end of the 19th century to the present. The historical survey will be accompanied with analysis of narrative works written by the best Syrian writers, such as Abd al-Salam al-'Ujaili, Ulfat al-Idelbi, Hana Mina, Zakaria Tamer and others. The discussion will focus on the stylistic and linguistic features of these works, and on the changes initiated during the years of these features.

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This course may be taken by students who successfully finished the courses Grammar A and Grammar B. Classes are devoted to reading and analyzing complex texts in both Classical and Modern Literary Arabic. Students will be required to analyze the texts, vocalize them accurately, and translate them into Hebrew. Complex syntactical issues will be discussed, which were not dealt with in Grammar B. Special attention will be given to new features in Modern Written Arabic.

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According to Islamic law, homicide or bodily injury require financial compensation, to be paid by the perpetrator's group of solidarity. Through legal and historical texts, Hadith and commentaries on the Qur'an, the course will deal with the question who makes up this group. Changes in the composition of the blood-money group reflect political and social changes that will shed light on the relation between Islamic and pre-Islamic law, and between law and society in Islam.

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Problems in the Language of Literature
The aim of the course is to explore changes in the concepts of literary language after the emergence of new genres in modern Arabic literature. Through reading a number of texts, the course will highlight some of these shifts in different genres.

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This course will investigate prominent issues in the history of the Abbasid Empire, a period that would shape institutions and social norms in the Islamic world for centuries to come. We will ask questions relevant for other historical times and places, such as: how is a capital city built, and a loyal army maintained? How do social elites attain, maintain, and define their status? What is the social standing of women, and of minority groups? What did people value? The course will focus on primary texts, and through textual analysis we hope to achieve a deeper understanding of Abbasid society, and Islamic civilization.

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Feminism beyond the Veil-Can the two Co-exist?
Dr. Mira Tzoreff

The course focuses on the struggle of Muslim Women in both several Arab countries (Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the Palestinian Authority) and among Israeli Arab and Jewish women, as well as in Europe, to improve their life conditions and their legal status as equal citizens.
Their struggle was and remains completely different from that of Western feminists since we are dealing here with religious women who use the religious knowledge they acquired and the unique interpretation they give to the Holy Scriptures as a means to empower themselves in both family and society. Through this knowledge they are able to challenge the patriarchal political religious and social establishment that uses the scriptures to reinforce their own status and, simultaneously, weaken that of women. By giving a voice and a space to these religious and veiled women we will try to deconstruct the binary approach between religion and feminism in the Middle East.

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We begin with a question: What is language? What is the importance of language as a basic means of human communication? What is linguistics? What instruments do we have for the study of language? What is language family? What is Semitic language? We shall also discuss such topics as: similarity and distinction in languages; proto-language and daughter languages; specific structures which are characteristic for Semitic languages. A special discussion is dedicated to basic concepts and terms of linguistics in general and especially Semitic linguistics. After that we'll deal with two most important fields of Semitic linguistics: phonology and morphology.
Phonology, or the science of sounds, deals with the sounds of language and their functions.
We shall discuss the basic principles of the phonological theory as applied to Semitic languages, historical comparison of sound systems of various Semitic languages.
Morphology, or the science of grammatical forms, deals with basic elements expressing sense. We'll investigate different morphological systems in Semitic languages: pronouns, noun, verb in all the richness of its forms: personal conjugation, the system of verbal stems, tenses and aspects. We'll view word structure in Semitic languages.

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  • ' ' 20/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 21/07/2010 12:30

‏ (06902302)

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MAP OF THE LANGUAGES
The course is supplying its participants with the basic information on various languages of the world, on criteria for their classification, on the notions of genealogical tree and typological classification. Different language structures are presented using actual examples, analysis of a short text in a number of languages, like Turkish, Chinese, Japanese, Sanskrit, Hindi, Swahili and others.

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  • ' ' 15/02/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 30/04/2010 9:00

‏ (06902304)

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Introduction to Vernacular Aramaic
The course begins in an outline of the history of Aramaic as well as some of the salient characteristics of the classical phases of this language. The following lessons are dedicated to modern Aramaic and its wide and diverse spectrum of regional idioms. The bulk of the course deals with the diversity of vernacular Aramaic dialects spoken in south-eastern Turkey, northern Iraq and north-western Iran. The main linguistic features of these dialects, often compared with classical Aramaic varieties, is the focus of most of the lessons. Audio and video recordings of Neo-Aramaic, including radio broadcasts, songs and films, are presented throughout the course. Aramaic speakers invited to some of the lessons present their native dialects. Knowledge in Aramaic or Semitic linguistics is not a prerequisite for this course.

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Linguistic and Social Space in Ethiopia EXERCISE

Dr. Anbessa Teferra


The aim of the course is to provide basic knowledge with subjects related to language and society in Ethiopia. In this course are included among other things:


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  • ' ' 29/01/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 17/03/2010 18:00

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Ethiopia: History, Language, and Culture EXERCISE

Lecturer: Dr. Anbessa Teferra



The aim of the course is to provide basic knowledge with subjects related to history, language, and culture in Ethiopia. In this course are included among other things: a brief history of Ethiopia, classification of Ethiopian languages, cultural codes, various religions, material culture of various ethnic groups, etc.


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  • ' ' 09/07/2010 9:00
  • ' ' 11/08/2010 12:30

‏ (06903303)

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GEEZ FOR BEGINNERS

Geez is the old Ethiopian language which had been in use since the 4th century. It is not a spoken language anymore but is used in Ethiopian church and also by Ethiopian Jews. Numerous ancient texts are preserved in Geez, even translations of texts whose original is lost. Study of Geez is important for Semitic linguistics since it is an old Semitic language. Besides it is important for those who are interested in Ethiopian history and for those who are investigating Biblical texts.
The study begins with learning the unique Ethiopian script, the phonetics and morphology of the language. Rather soon students begin reading Geez texts, Biblical translations and original chronicles.
Exam.

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  • ' ' 16/06/2010 12:30
  • ' ' 02/08/2010 12:30

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Amharic for Beginners- Lecture

Lecturer: Dr. Anbessa Teferra


Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia and most Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel. Even though Amharic is the official language and also a language which has preserved some of the original Semitic features, it diverged very much from most sister Semitic languages because of the influence of Cushitic languages. Within the framework of the course the phonology, morphology and syntax of the language will be taught at beginners and intermediate level. Likewise reading of simple and intermediate level texts and listening of recordings in spoken Amharic will also be included.


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Amharic for Advanced Students - Lecture

Lecturer: Dr. Anbessa Teferra


Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia and most Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel. Even though Amharic has preserved some of the original Semitic features, it diverged very much from most sister Semitic languages because of the influence of neighboring Cushitic languages. Within the framework of the course the phonology, morphology and syntax of the language will be taught at an advanced level. Likewise reading of intermediate and advanced level texts and listening of recordings in spoken Amharic will also be included.


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Linguistic Variation and Cultural Variation
Prof. Shlomo Izre'el
Graduate seminar. Education, ethnic origin, age, sex, social attribution, geographic location these and many other characteristics affect language. When we speak with family members we speak differently than we speak to strangers; we use yet a different language when we speak to a large audience or when we speak over the phone; our language differs when we speak about personal vs. non-personal topics, when we tell a story or when we talk politics. We will try to examine linguistic and social variability, and see how culture affects linguistic behavior.

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Phoenician
Prof. Shlomo Izre'el
Phoenician, a Canaanite language, is a sister language to Hebrew, belonging to the Northwestern branch of the Semitic family. We will read Phoenician inscriptions from different periods and different locations, from the Levant and from the western Mediterranean regions. We shall examine phonological, morphological, syntactical and lexical features unique to Phoenician and those features that it shares with its cognate languages. We shall touch upon diachronic processes that are attested for Phoenician. The main goal of the course is to acquire the methodology for studying ancient languages which lack enough data for a comprehensive description.

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