Books    Articles    Working Papers


Patents, Citations and Innovations: A Window on the Knowledge Economy (with Adam Jaffe). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002. ISBN 0-262-10095-9. Includes data CD.

Economic Analysis of  Product  Innovation  -  The  Case  of  CT  Scanners. Cambridge, Mass:  Harvard University Press, 1990. Co-winner of the 1990 International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Biennal Prize Competition, and winner of the Robert Troup Paine Prize for 1986-1989 awarded by Harvard University Press.

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Articles & Chapters in Books


"Defense R&D in the Anti-Terrorist Era". Defence and Peace Economics, forthcoming 2005.


"Uncovering General Purpose Technologies using Patent Data" (with Bronwyn Hall). In Antonelli, C., D. Foray, B. H. Hall, and W. E. Steinmueller (eds.), New Frontiers in the Economics of Innovation and New Technology. Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2005.


"Patent Citations and the Geography of Knowledge Spillovers: A Reassessment - Comment" (with Rebecca Henderson and Adam Jaffe). American Economic Review, 95 (1), March 2005, pp. 461- 464.


"Market Value and Patent Citations" (with Adam Jaffe and Bronwyn H. Hall). Rand Journal of Economics, Vol. 36 (1), Spring 2005, pp. 16 - 38.


"A General Purpose Technology at Work: The Corliss Steam Engine in the late 19th Century US" (with Nathan Rosenberg). The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 64, No. 1, March 2004, pp. 61-99.


"Crafting Defense R&D Policy in the Anti-Terrorist Era". in A. Jaffe, J. Lerner and S. Stern (eds.), Innovation Policy and the Economy, Vol. 4, pp. 1 - 34, National Bureau of Economic Research, MIT Press, 2004.


"Is Canada Missing the 'Technology Boat'? Evidence from Patent Data". In Someshwar Rao and Andrew Sharpe (eds.), Productivity Issues in Canada, University of Calgary Press, 2002, pp. 245-280.  Forthcoming also in Pierre Fortin and Craig Riddell (eds.), Growth, Employment and Technology: New Perspectives on Canadian Policies. McGill-Queen's University Press.


"R&D Policy in Israel: An Overview and Reassessment". In Maryann P. Feldman and Albert N. Link (eds.), Innovation Policy in the Knowledge-Based Economy. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001, pp. 409-454. A slightly different version was published also as "Government Support for Commercial R&D: Lessons from the Israeli Experience." In A. Jaffe, J. Lerner and S. Stern (eds.), Innovation Policy and the Economy, Vol. 2, National Bureau of Economic Research, MIT Press, 2002.


"In Memoriam: Zvi Griliches (1930-1999)." (joint with Ernst R. Berndt). Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 27 (2001), pp. 93-97.


"Innovation in Israel 1968-97: A Comparative Analysis Using Patent Data." , Research Policy 30 (2001) pp. 363-389. (hebrew adition)


"Patient Welfare and Patient Compliance: An Empirical Framework for Measuring the Benefits from Pharmaceutical Innovation" (with Paul Ellickson and Scott Stern). In Ernst R. Berndt and David M. Cutler. (eds.), Medical Care Output and Productivity. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2001, pp. 539-563.


"Knowledge Spillovers and Patent Citations: Evidence from A Survey of Inventors" (with Adam Jaffe and Michael S. Fogarty). American Economic Review, Vol. 90, Papers and Proceedings, May 2000, pp. 215-218.


"International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from Patent Citations" (with Adam Jaffe)., Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1999, 8, pp. 105-136.


"Universities as a Source of Commercial Technology: A Detailed Analysis of University Patenting 1965-1988" (with R. Henderson and A.  Jaffe).  Review of Economics and Statistics, February 1998, Vol LXXX (1), pp. 119-127. (Reprinted in: Navaretti, G.B., Dasgupta, P., Maler K.G. and D. Siniscalco (eds.), Creation and Transfer of Knowledge. Berlin, Springer, 1998, pp. 87-114).


"Diffusion of General Purpose Technologies" (with Elhanan Helpman). In Helpman, E. (ed.), General Purpose Technologies and Economic Growth. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998.


"A  Time  to  Sow  and  a  Time  to  Reap: Growth Based on General Purpose Technologies" (with Elhanan Helpman). In Helpman, E. (ed.), General Purpose Technologies and Economic Growth. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998.


"University  versus  Corporate  Patents:  A  Window  on  the  Basicness of Invention." (with R. Henderson and A. Jaffe). Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1997, 5 (1), pp. 19-50.


"Market Segmentation and the Sources of Rents from Innovation: Personal Computers in  the  late 1980's" (with Timothy Bresnahan and Scott Stern). Rand Journal of Economics, Special Issue in Honor of Richard Quandt, 1997, 28 (0), pp. S17-S44.


"Quality-Adjusted  Prices for the American Automobile Industry: 1906-1940" (with Daniel Raff). In Bresnahan, T. and  R.  Gordon  (eds.),  New  Goods. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 71-101.


"Flows of Knowledge from Universities and Federal Laboratories: Modeling the Flow of Patent Citations over Time and across Institutional and Geographic Boundaries." (with   Adam   Jaffe). Proceedings of the US National Academy of Sciences, November 1996, Vol. 93, 99. 12671-12677.


"General Purpose Technologies  -  Engines  of  Growth?"  (with  Timothy Bresnahan). Journal of Econometrics, January 1995, 65(1), pp. 83-108.


"Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as  Evidenced  by  Patent Citations" (with  A.  Jaffe  and  R.  Henderson).  Quarterly  Journal  of Economics, Vol. 108, August 1993, pp. 577-598.


"Quality-adjusted Price Indices and the Measurement of  Economic  Growth", in  Technology  and  Productivity,  The  Challenge  for  Economic  Policy, O.E.C.D., Paris 1991, pp. 219-228.


"A Penny for Your Quotes: Patent Citations and the Value of  Innovations". The Rand Journal of Economics, Spring 1990, 21(1), 172-187.


"The  Welfare  Analysis  of  Product  Innovations,  with an Application to Computed Tomography Scanners". Journal of Political Economy,  April  1989, 97(2), 444-479.


"The  Diffusion  of  Innovations:  A  Methodological Reappraisal" (with S. Yitzhaki). Journal of Business  and  Economic  Statistics,  January  1989, 7(1), 35-47.


"The  Use of Multivariate Regression Analysis in Contrast-Detail Studies of CT Scanners". Medical Physics 11 (4), July/August 1984, 456-64.


"Performance in Innovation in the Israeli  Electronics  Industry:  A  Case Study  in  Biomedical  Electronics  Instrumentation"Research  Policy 5, 1976, 354-379 (with M. Teubal and N. Arnon).

Submitted for publication

"Empirical Implications of Physician Authority in Pharmaceutical Decisionmaking" (with Scott Stern). To the Journal of Health Economics (revise and resubmit).

Publications in Hebrew

"R&D, High Tech and Economic Growth." The Economic Quarterly, 49, December 2002, pp. 628-237.

"Towards  an  Industrial  and  Technological Policy for Israel: Analytical Foundations and some Specific Proposals" (with M. Justman and  M.  Teubal, in Hebrew), The Economic Quarterly, 37, February 1987, 978-989.

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Working papers


"Innovation Policy for Development: an Overview", Foerder Institute for Economic Research, WP 6-06, July 2006. 


"The NBER Patent Citations Data File: Lessons, Insights and Methodological Tools" (with Bronwyn Hall and Adam Jaffe). NBER WP No. 8498, October 2001. 


"The Meaning of Patent Citations: Report on the NBER/Case-Western Reserve Survey of Patentees" (with Adam B. Jaffe and Michael S. Fogarty). NBER WP 7631, April 2000.

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