A WHITE-LEVY PUBLICATIONS PROGRAM GRANTEEPublication of The Bronze Age and Iron Age Remains (Area X) From the Upper City of Aphek, Israel
|Dr. Moshe Kochavifirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Ms. Esther Yadin|
Tel Aviv University
Aphek-Antipatris (previous name: Tell Ras el-'Ain, Israel grid: 143.168),
the 30-acre site guards the Aphek Pass of the Via Maris, is located at the
River Yarkon headwaters in the Sharon Plain of Israel. The site was inhabited
continuously from the Chalcolithic Period to the Ottoman period. It is thus
one of the most important ancient sites in Israel. The site's identification,
made secure by Albright and Alt in 1923, was based on the many occurrences
of the site's names both in the Bible and in Egyptian, Assyrian, and Roman-Byzantine
sources. The purpose of this project is to publish the significant results
of the excavations carried out under the supervision of Professor Dr. Moshe
Kochavi by the Tel Aviv University Institute of Archaeology at the Upper City
of Aphek in the years 1976-1985.
The Upper City will encompass the most important results of the Aphek-Antipatris excavations, obtained during the years 1976-1985 at the site's acropolis (area X). The five superimposed MB through LB palaces of area X will serve as the core of the volume, with all the additional finds from these periods treated as well. The Iron Age I remains uncovered on top of this series of palaces, which are of great importance for the study of the Late Bronze/Iron I transition in the Levant, will also be included. The importance of the projected publication, however, is more than just the completion of a report on Aphek's history and archaeology. It will clarify and shed new light on some of the most debated issues in biblical archaeology.
The excavations also revealed a MB II palace and several pottery kilns, a LBA-built tomb and two wine presses, and Iron Age private houses as well as major parts of Roman Antipatris including its cardo, forum and theater. Preliminary excavation reports of the Tel-Aviv University expedition have dealt with all the written material unearthed as well as a large part of the initial Middle Bronze Age pottery.
Two Middle Bronze Age palaces, three Late Bronze Age palaces, and the overlying Early Iron Age strata will be considered. Some unique items in this context are: