It is the best site where one can literally see and touch many
monuments from Biblical times, not only read about them.
It appears in both the Old Testament and the New Testament (as
It is the only site in the Levant which is mentioned in all great
records of the Ancient Near East: the Old Testament on the one hand,
and Egyptian, Assyrian and Hittite sources on the other hand.
Its stormy history covers over six millennia, from the Pre-Pottery
Neolithic period in the seventh millennium BCE to the Persian period
in the mid-first millennium BCE.
It was the scene of many battles which decided the fate of nations
Great figures in world history were connected to it. Noteworthy
among them are King Solomon of Israel and King Josiah of late-monarchic
Judah, Pharaohs Thutmose III, Shishak and Necho of Egypt and Kings
Tiglath-pileser III and Esarhaddon Assyria.
It is the only site in the Land of the Bible with remains of thirty
cities built one on top of the other.
It has become the cradle of the archaeology of Israel, the source
and answer for almost every problem related to the Bronze and Iron
Ages in the Holy Land.
There is no parallel to the number and variety of monuments unearthed
at the site: fortifications, temples, palaces, water systems and
other public edifices.
It was chosen as the scene of the historic meeting between Pope
Paul VI and the President of the state of Israel in 1964, in the
first visit ever of a Pope to the Holy Land.
It is the only archaeological site in Israel which makes the background
for a world famous best seller – James Michener’s The Source.