Israel Cosmic Ray Center

affiliated to Tel Aviv University,

Technion and Israel Space Agency

 

operating the Israel-Italian

Emilio Segre’ Observatory

and World Data Center for Cosmic Rays

 

Annual Report No 4/2001

 

Prof. Lev I. DORMAN,

Head of Israel Cosmic Ray Center

and Emilio Segre’ Observatory

  

Qazrin, 2001

 

 

1. THE AIMS OF THE PROJECT FOR THE FORTH YEAR (FEBRUARY 2001-JANUARY 2002)

 

          The aims of the Project for the forth year (February 2001-January 2002) are as follows:

 ·  Development of the Emilio Segre’ Cosmic Ray Observatory.

 ·  Development of the ICRC Laboratory in Qazrin.

 · To provide continue connection between the Emilio Segre’ Cosmic Ray Observatory and our Computer in MIGAL (Kiryat Shmona), and between MIGAL and the ICRC Laboratory at Qazrin.

 · To provide the serving of our site in Internet of the Israel Cosmic Ray Center and Emilio Segre’ Cosmic Ray Observatory.

 · Continue the research program in Cosmic Ray Astrophysics and Geophysics, participation in International Conferences and Symposia.

 · Continue the establishment of collaboration with other Cosmic Ray Observatories and data exchange in real time scale.

 · Development of the analytical methods of forecasting anomalous Cosmic Radiation events, representing changes in the Interplanetary and Near-Earth environment. Such events could possibly be harmful to space-probes, to earth orbiting equipment, to air-travel, to electromagnetic communications and perhaps even to living beings on Earth. Phenomena which might indicate such developments include, for example, large solar flares, the impacting of energetic particles and Forbush-decreases connected with large geomagnetic disturbances. The network of observatories providing such early-warning services will form the “International Cosmic Ray Service”.

 · On the basis of facilities what we have in Israel Cosmic Ray Center and Emilio Segre' Observatory to start founding National Space Weather Center for monitoring and forecasting of space dangerous phenomena by using on-line cosmic ray data (for this is necessary to construct in near future multidirectional muon telescope and extended cooperation with world network cosmic ray observatories whose on-line data in real time scale are available.

 

2.  THE STAFF OF ICRC AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE LABORATORY IN QAZRIN; THE START OF FOUNDATION OF MULTIDIRECTIONAL MUON TELESCOPE

 

 · The Israel Cosmic Ray Center was established in 1998, with affiliations to Tel Aviv University, to the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology) and to the Israel Space Agency (under the aegis of the Ministry of Science). The staff of the Israel Cosmic Ray Center is now as follows: 1. Prof. L.I. DORMAN - principal investigator, head of the Center and Observatory; 2. Dr. L.A. PUSTIL¢NIK - researcher, 3. Dr. I.G. ZUKERMAN - researcher.

 · In 2001 the Laboratory was equipped with additional computers. The local network worked well with a sufficient increase of the existing capacities of the memory and hard discs.

 · In 2001 we effectively used the direct connection in real time of the Emilio Segre’ Observatory with our Laboratory in Qazrin and with Internet (updated each one minute, see Appendix 1).

 · For effective work of National Space Weather Center (in the frame of ICRC and ESO) for monitoring and forecasting of space dangerous phenomena by using on-line cosmic ray data we start to prepare special underground building and scintillators (in cooperation with University of New Mexico, USA) for constructing in near future a great multidirectional muon telescope with EAS array (the short description is given in the Appendix 2, contained the Proposal on foundation of National Space Weather Center in Israel).

 

3.   DEVELOPMENT OF THE ISRAEL-ITALIAN EMILIO SEGRE’ OBSERVATORY

 

 · In 2001 we continued to operate the Cosmic Ray Neutron Monitor in the Israel-Italy Emilio Segre’ Observatory (33°18.3¢N, 35°47.2¢E, 2020 m above sea level, cut-off rigidity for vertical direction Rc=10.8 GV). This Monitor works continuously and gives data for each minute in real time scale information on the counting rate of total neutron intensities and of the specific intensities for neutron multiplicities ³1, ³2, ³3, ³4, ³5, ³6, ³7 and ³8.

 · The results of measurements – data taken at one minute intervals -- of cosmic ray neutron intensities at two separate sites, as well as similar one-minute data about the intensities relating to neutron multiplicities ³1, ³2, ³3, ³4, ³5, ³6, ³7 and ³8 – all of this data has been computer-stored. Similar one-minute data relating to the atmospheric electric field, wind speed, air temperature and pressure outside the Observatory, as well as temperature and humidity inside the Cosmic Ray Observatory – have also been recorded.

 · Each month one-hour data of the Emilio Segre’ Observatory (short title ESO) is regularly sent to the World Data Center in Boulder (USA, Colorado) and to many Cosmic Ray Observatories in the world. In Appendix 1 are shown some examples of our data.

 · An automated electric power supply system, based on UPS and Diesel-generator, established in 1999, continued to work well in 2001.

·A direct, "real time" connection has been set of the Emilio Segre’ Observatory through MIGAL with the Central Laboratory in Qazrin and Internet (updated each 1 minute). 

 

4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD DATA CENTER FOR COSMIC RAYS

 

   ·   In 1999 we prepared a full Catalog of the archive of the World Data Center for Cosmic Rays which was transferred from Sweden to Israel (see Appendix 2).

   ·   This full Catalog was sent to the World Data Centers in Boulder (USA, Colorado), in Russia (Moscow), and in Japan (Nagoya), and to several Cosmic Ray Observatories.

   ·   Now this Catalog is updated to our set in Internet and can be used free with anybody.

 

5. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COLLABORATION WITH OTHER COSMIC RAY OBSERVATORIES AND DATA EXCHANGE IN REAL TIME

 

·                   In the first year of our Project a close scientific collaboration was established with the Rome Cosmic Ray Observatory (headed by Prof. N. Iucci and Dr. G. Villoresi) and with the group of Cosmic Ray Observatories located at Mt. Haleakala, Mt. Climax, and Mt. Huancayo, leaded by the University of Chicago and was headed by Prof. J.A. Simpson.

·                   Now a close scientific collaboration was established with Moscow Cosmic Ray Observatory headed by Dr. V.G. Yanke and Dr. A.V. Belov, with Apatiti Cosmic Ray Observatory headed by Dr. E.V. Vashenyuk, with St. Petersburg Cosmic Ray Group lead by Prof. M.I. Tyasto (responsible for computer calculations of cosmic ray trajectories in the real geomagnetic field), with Erevan Cosmic Ray Group leaded by Prof. A. Chilingarian and Dr. V. Kh. Babayan and maintains two neutron monitors on Mt. Norambert (2000 m) and Mt. Aragaz (3250 m) in Armenia, with Mexico Cosmic Ray Observatory (2300 m, Rc=8.2 GV) leaded by Prof. J.F. Valdes-Galicia, with Lomnicky Stit Cosmic Ray Observatory in Slovakia (2634 m, Rc=3.9 GV) leaded by Dr. K. Kudela, with Oulu Cosmic Ray Observatory in Finland leaded by Prof. Pekka. Tanskanen and Prof. Kalevi Mursula (now leaded by Dr. Y. Usoskin). In 2001 we established an additional collaboration with the Athens neutron monitor group, leaded by Dr. Helena Mavromichulaki (Greece).

 

6. RESEARCH ACTIVITY IN COSMIC RAY ASTROPHYSICS AND GEOPHYSICS, PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA, SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

 

 · Our research activity in the third year of our Project was concentrated mainly on following problems:

A. Development of methods of forecasting space dangerous phenomena, using cosmic ray data.

B. Investigation of gamma ray generation and cosmic ray nonlinear processes in solar and stellar winds.

C. Investigation of cosmic rays - solar activity hysteresis phenomena and nonlinear processes in the Heliosphere.

D. Investigation of solar wind and cosmic ray nonlinear processes.

E. Investigation of cosmic ray anisotropies and nonlinear processes.

F. Calculation of coupling (response) functions for neutron monitors.

G. Investigation of atmospheric electric field effect in cosmic rays.

H. Investigation of solar neutron propagation and “refraction” effect.

I. Solar magnetic fields and solar neutrino problem, physics of solar interior and spin-flavor precession.

J. Investigation of cosmic ray meteorological effects on the basis of our experimental data.

K. Investigation of the preflare manifestations in the solar radio emission before solar flares.

L. Development of the percolation model of solar flare origin and solar cosmic ray acceleration processes.

In 2001 we prepared papers for oral and poster presentation, and took part in:

1.                 EGS 2001 General Assembly (France, Nice, March 2001),

2.                 The 5-th Compton Symposium (USA, April 2001)

3.                 15-th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related research (France, June 2001).

4.                 The 2001 CEDAR Workshop + the SCOSTEP 10-th Quadrennial STP Symposium (USA, Colorado, June 2001).

5.                 27-th International Cosmic Ray Conference  (Hamburg, August 2001).

 

·                   Lev Dorman gave course lectures "Cosmic Ray Geophysics and Astrophysics" in March-June 2001 in Tel Aviv University.

·                   Lev Pustil’nik gave invited report on the Astrophysics Seminar in Ben Gurion University.

·                   Our research activity in the forth year of our Project is reflected in 57 papers and reports, among them 16 papers are published or accepted for publication in refereed Journals and refereed Proceedings, 4 are submitted in referee Journals, 25 are published in Proc. of International Conferences and 43 are reported at International Conferences and Symposia, . In Appendix 2 we present some preprints and reprints of our scientific publications.

 

7. LIST OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS IN REFEREED JOURNALS AND PAPERS AND REPORTS AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA

 

7A. Papers Published or Accepted/Submitted for Publication in Refereed Journals or Refereed Proceedings in 2001 (or published in the end of 2000, after preparing Annual Report 3/2000).

 

PUBLISHED PAPERS

7A1. Dorman Lev I., 2000. “Cosmic Ray Anisotropies in Space”. In New Vistas in Astrophysics, ed. M.M. Shapiro, R. Silberberg, T.S. Stanev, and J.P. Wefel, World Sciientific, Singapore/New Jersey/London/Hong Kong, 343-369.

7A2. Peter H. Stoker, Lev I. Dorman, and John M. Clem, 2000. “Neutron Monitor Design Improvements”, Space Science Rev., 93, 361-380.

7A3. John M. Clem and Lev I. Dorman, 2000. “Neutron Monitor Response Function”, Space Science Rev., 93, 335-359.

7A4. Pustilnik Lev; Sergey Yeryomin; Genady Roizman; Ronen Jacovi; and Eran Jago, 2000. "TV observation of the meteor stream Leonid in the Jordan Valley College 17/18 November 1999". Meteoritics & Planetary Science,. 34, 35-40.

7A5. Ikhsanov, N. R. and L. A.Pustil'nik, 2000. "Magnetic field in the magnetopause of an accreting neutron star: configuration and stability". Journal: Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital., 70, No. 3-4, 1167-1171.

7A6. Lev I. Dorman, 2001. “Cosmic ray long-term variation: even-odd cycle effect, role of drifts, and the onset of cycle 23”, Adv. Space Res., 27, No. 3, 601-606.

7A7. L.I. Dorman, I.V. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi. 2001. “Hysteresis between solar activity and cosmic rays during cycle 22: the role of drifts, and the modulation region”, Adv. Space Res., 27, No. 3, 589-594.

7A8. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, and G. Villoresi. 2001. “Time lag between cosmic rays and solar activity; solar minimum of 1994-1996 and residual modulation”, Adv. Space Res., 27, No. 3, 595-600.

 

PAPERS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION

AFTER REFEREE PROCESS

7A9. Lev I. Dorman, 2001 or 2002. "Expected Gamma-Ray Fluxes from Interactions of Flare Energetic Particles with Solar Wind Matter", Proc. Fifth Compton Symposium (accepted for publication after referee process).

7A10. Lev I. Dorman, 2001 or 2002. "Interactions of Flare Energetic Particles with Stellar Wind Matter: Expected Gamma Ray Fluxes from Local Stars", Proc. Fifth Compton Symposium (accepted for publication after referee process).

7A11. Lev I. Dorman, 2001 or 2002. "Possible Using of Gamma Ray Measurements for Monitoring and Prediction of Radiation Hazard". Proc. 15-th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research (accepted for publication after referee process).

7A12. L.I. Dorman, 2001 or 2002. "Modulation Region of Galactic Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere: Estimation of Dimension, Radial Diffusion Coefficient, Intensity out of the Region". Physics of the Outer Heliosphere (Proc. of COSPAR Symposium), accepted for publication after referee process.

7A13. Lev I. Dorman, 2001 or 2002. "Variables Gamma Ray Sources, 1: Interactions of Flare Energetic Particles with Solar and Stellar Winds". High Energy Astrophysics, AIP Series (accepted for publication after referee process).

7A14. Lev I. Dorman, 2001 or 2002. "Variables Gamma Ray Sources, 2: Interactions of Galactic Cosmic Rays with Solar and Stellar Winds". High Energy Astrophysics, AIP Series (accepted for publication after referee process).

7A15. Lev Dorman, Lev Pustil'nik, Abraham Sternlieb, and Igor Zukerman, 2001 or 2002. "Using Ground-Level Cosmic Ray Observations for Automatically Generating Predictions of Hazardous Energetic Particle Levels”, Adv. Space Res., (accepted for publication after referee process).

7A16. Lev Dorman and Igor Zukerman, 2001 or 2002. "Initial Concept for Forecasting the Flux and Energy Spectrum of Energetic Particles Using Ground-Level Cosmic Ray Observations”, Adv. Space Res., (accepted for publication after referee process).

 

PAPERS, SUBMITTED FOR PUBLICATION

IN REFEREED JOURNALS.

7A17. L.I. Dorman, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001 or 2002 "Cosmic Rays and Space Weather, 1. On-Line Search of the Start of Great Flare Energetic Particle  Events" J. Geophys. Res.  (submitted for publication).

7A18. L.I. Dorman, M. Murat, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001 or 2002 "Cosmic Rays and Space Weather, 2. On-Line Determination of Flare Energetic Particle Spectrum" J. Geophys. Res.  (submitted for publication).

7A19. L.I. Dorman, M. Murat, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001 or 2002 "Cosmic Rays and Space Weather, 3. Automatically Determination of Diffusion Coefficient in the Interplanetary Space and Energy Spectrum in Source. " J. Geophys. Res.  (submitted for publication).

7A20. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, and I.G. Zukerman,  2001 or 2002 "Cosmic Rays and Space Weather, 4. Cosmic Ray Using for Forecasting of Major Geomagnetic Storms Accompanied by Forbush-Effects". J. Geophys. Res. (submitted for publication).

 

7B. Papers, reported and published in Proc. of 27-th International Cosmic Ray Conference (Hamburg, August 2001), and reported on the EGS2001 General Assembly (Nice, March 2001).

 

7B1. L. I. Dorman, 2001. "Gamma ray generation by interactions of flare energetic particles with stellar wind matter", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 7, 2554-2557. 

7B2. L. I. Dorman, 2001. "Magnetic neutrino spin-flavor precession, 1. Time variations of solar electron neutrino fluxes", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 8, 3009. 

7B3. L. I. Dorman, 2001. "Magnetic neutrino spin-flavor precession, 2. Helio-latidunal asymmetry of solar neutrino fluxes", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 8, 3010. 

7B4. L. I. Dorman, I.V. Dorman, and J.F. Valdes-Galicia, 2001. "To the problem of solar neutron propagation through the Earth's atmosphere", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 8, 3081. 

7B5. L. Pustil'nik, 2001. "Trigger process in solar flare as disruption of percolated current network by external disturbance", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 8, 3250-3253. 

7B6. L.I. Dorman, A.V. Belov, E.A. Eroshenko, R.T. Gushchina, N. Iucci, H. Mavromichalaki, M. Parisi, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, E.V. Vashenyuk, G. Villoresi, V.G. Yanke, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Ground enhancements of solar cosmic rays in the Spring of 2001: preliminary determination of observed spectrum, diffusion coefficient in the interplanetary space, and spectrum in the source on the basis of  neutron monitor data", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 8, 3469.  .

7B7. L.I. Dorman, A.V. Belov, E.A. Eroshenko, R.T. Gushchina, N. Iucci, H. Mavromichalaki, M. Parisi, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, E.V. Vashenyuk, G. Villoresi, V.G. Yanke, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Series of Forbush-decreases and precursory effects in the spring of 2001: preliminary analysis on the basis of Apatity, Athens, ESO, Moscow, and Rome neutron monitor data", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3502. 

7B8. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, N.G. Ptitsyna, G. Villoresi, 2001. "Cosmic rays as indicators of space weather influence on the incidence of myocardial infarction, brain stroke, car and train accidents". Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3511-3514. 

7B9. L.I. Dorman, H. Mavromichalaki, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Major Geomagnetic Storms and Cosmic Rays, 1. Search of Features in CR what can be Used for Forecasting", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3515. 

7B10. A. V. Belov, L.I. Dorman, E. A. Eroshenko, R.T. Gushchina, N. Iucci, H. Mavromichalaki, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, V.G. Yanke,and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Major geomagnetic storms and cosmic rays, 2. Methods of CR using for forecasting". Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3516. 

7B11. L.I. Dorman, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. Forecast of Solar Radiation Storms by on-Line NM One-Minute Data, 1. Automatically Search of Great FEP Event Beginning. ", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3517. 

7B12. L.I. Dorman, M. Murat, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Forecast of Solar Radiation Storms by on-Line NM One-Minute Data, 2. Automatically Determination of FEP Spectrum". Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3518. 

7B13. L.I. Dorman, M. Murat, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Forecast of Solar Radiation Storms by on-Line NM One-Minute Data, 3. Automatically Determination of FEP Diffusion Coefficient in the Interplanetary Space, Time of Ejection, and Energy Spectrum in Source". Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3519. 

7B14. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of satellite data, 1. Expected relative role of convection-diffusion and drift mechanisms for small CR energies", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3800.

7B15. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of satellite data, 2. Proton fluxes", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3801.

7B16. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of satellite data, 3. Alpha-particle fluxes", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3802.

7B17. L.I. Dorman, I.V. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of NM data, 2. Results for odd solar cycles 19 and 21", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3803.

7B18. L.I. Dorman, I.V. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of NM data, 3. Results for even solar cycles 20 and 22", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3804.

7B19. L.I. Dorman, I.V. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of NM data, 4. Comparison of time-lags for odd and even solar cycles", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3805.

7B20. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "CR-SA hysteresis phenomenon on the basis of NM data, 5. Results for solar minimum 1994-1996", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 9, 3806.

7B21. L.I. Dorman, I.V. Dorman, N. Iucci, Yu. Ne'eman, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Atmospheric Electric Field Effect in Different Neutron Multiplicities According to Emilio Segre' Observatory One Minute Data", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 10, 4019-4022.

7B22. O.A. Danilova, L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, N.G. Ptitsyna, M.I. Tyasto, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "Latitude survey in December 1996-March 1997, 1. Cut-off rigidities for different azimuth and zenith angles ", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 10, 4039-4042.

7B23. L.I. Dorman, O.A. Danilova, N. Iucci,. M. Parisi, N.G. Ptitsina, M.I. Tyasto, G. Villoresi, 2001. "Latitude survey in December 1996-March 1997, 2. Apparent cut-off rigidities", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 10, 4043-4046.

7B24. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Barometric Coefficients for Different Neutron Multiplicities According to ESO NM Data (Israel) and Data of University "Roma Tre" NM (Italy) ", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 10, 4075-4078.

7B25. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, H. Mavromichalaki, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Cosmic Ray Snow Effect in Different Multiplicities According to Emilio Segre' Observatory NM Hourly Data", Proc. 27-th ICRC, Hamburg, 10, 4079-4082.

7B26. L.I. Dorman, 2001. "Using of cosmogenic nuclides (especially radiocarbon) for determining of elements transport and global mixing and exchange on the Earth", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session NP9.

7B27. L. I. Dorman, 2001. "Cosmic ray nonlinear processes in the interplanetary plasmas and expected properties of solar wind and cosmic ray modulation in the outer heliosphere", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST12.

7B28. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Murat, Yu. Ne'eman, Y. Noter, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Emilio Segre' Observatory (Israel): the using of on-line one-minute data of total counting rates in both sections of neutron supermonitor (corrected on barometric effect) for automatically search of starting solar radiation storms in periods of flare energetic particle events

 

", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST1801.

7B29. L.I. Dorman, A.V. Belov, E.A.Eroshenko, N. Iucci, L.A. Pustil'nik, A. Sternlieb, G. Villoresi, V.G Yanke and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Cosmic ray Forbush-effects using for research of dynamics of space magnetic storms and forecasting of dangerous situation in space, in the magnetosphere, and on the ground", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST1802.

7B30. L.I. Dorman, M. Murat, Y. Noter, A. Sternlieb, L.A. Pustil'nik, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "Impacts in electronics on spacecraft caused by solar and galactic energetic particles: expected time variations and dependence of spacecraft position", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST1802.

7B31. L.I. Dorman, M. Murat, Y. Noter, A. Sternlieb, L.A. Pustil'nik, and I.G. Zukerman, 2001. "The forecast of great solar energetic particle events dangerous for electronics on spacecrafts and aircrafts by on line neutron monitors data", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST1802.

7B32. L.I. Dorman, N. Iucci, G. Villoresi, 2001. "Foundation of International Cosmic Ray Service (ICRS): the using on line cosmic ray data from world network stations for continue monitoring and forecasting of space weather", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST1802.

7B33. L.I. Dorman, 2001. "Cosmic rays and cosmogenic nuclides, 1. In space, inside bodies, in atmospheres", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST20.

7B34. L. I. Dorman, 2001. "Cosmic rays and cosmogenic nuclides, 2. Radiocarbon method and elements global mixing and exchange on the earth", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST20.

7B35. L. Dorman, I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "Solar magnetic field reversal and SA-CR hysteresis effects during cycles 19-22: great difference between odd and even cycles, convection-diffusion and drift global modulations", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST22.

7B36. L. Dorman, I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "Dimension of modulation region and Heliosphere according to data on cosmic ray-solar activity hysteresis phenomena", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST5.

7B37. L. Dorman, I. Dorman, N. Iucci, M. Parisi, and G. Villoresi, 2001. "Modulation of galactic cosmic rays in the cycle 22 and determination of the residual modulation in the minimum of solar activity", EGS2001-General Assembly, Nice, March 2001, paper on Session ST5.

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The staff of Israel Cosmic Ray Center thanks very much Prof. Yuval Ne¢eman, and Aby Har-Even for their constant attention and great help in the foundation and development of the Center and Emilio Segre’ Observatory; without this support our Project could not have been successful. Our great gratitude also to Major of Qazrin Dr. S. Bar-Lev and S. Naftali for constant and great help. The work of neutron monitor and other sensors in ESO on Mt. Hermon was supported by our Collaboration with Roma Tre University and IFSI-CNR (Italy). Cordial thanks to our Italian colleagues Prof. Nunzio Iucci, Prof. Mario Parisi, Dr. Marisi Storini and Dr. Giorgio Villoresi, to Dr. Michael Murat and the Head of the Import Department of TAU Avi Gurevich, to Shoshana Shalom, Yaira Zadok, Matilda Elron, and Ronit Nevo for their great help in solving a lot of difficult problems connected with the organization and operation of the Emilio Segre’ Cosmic Ray Observatory and the ICRC Laboratory at Qazrin. We had a lot fruitful discussions with H. Ahluwalia, J. H. Allen, A.V. Belov, E.A. Eroshenko, N. Ptitsyna, M.A. Shea, D.F. Smart, V.G. Yanke. In the early stages of our Project we received important attention and help from the former Minister of Science Dr. Benjamin Begin, from the head of Department of the Ministry of Science Ms. Frida Soffer, Prof. David Eichler (Ben Gurion University), former heads of Physics Department of the Technion Prof. Gioro Shaviv and Prof. Moshe Moshe, Prof. Arnon Dar, Prof. Lev Pitaevskii, Prof. Aria Laor, Dr. Eretz Etzion, Major of Qazrin Sami Bar-Lev, Director-General of MIGAL Jacob Arzi, former Head of the Golan Research Institute Dr. G. Degani and Dr. G. Emdin, former Director of Golan Development Company Uri Meir.

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX 1 TO THE ANNUAL REPORT 3/2000

  

INTERNET SITE OF ISRAEL COSMIC RAY CENTER AND EMILIO SEGRE' OBSERVATORY