The library was established in the autumn
of 1933 in Amsterdam by Dr. Alfred Wiener,
Jewish scholar, journalist, bibliophile
and man of affairs.
Dr. Wiener foresaw the danger of the Nazi
phenomena and devoted himself to collecting
thorough documentation, in order to reveal to the world the true
face of National Socialism. By doing so he wished to combat the Nazi
machine and record its horrors for posterity.
In 1939, when it became dangerous for the library to remain in
Amsterdam, it was transferred to London. There it opened on the
day of the outbreak of the war. In London the library developed
into an extensive and respected research and information center,
headed by Dr. Wiener until his death in 1964.
Throughout the war, the Ministry of Information and the Allied
Governments apparently made wide use of the library.
The success of BBC counter-propaganda derived largely from its
solid grounding in the comprehensive and reliable information that
had been gathered by Dr. Wiener. Since the war the staff worked
hard on extending the scope of the library. Its resources played a vital
role in the charges leveled against war criminals at Nuremberg; served
legal authorities and courts; the news media; scholars and research
students from all over the world as well as prominent authors on the
In 1980, 47 years after the rise of Nazi Germany, the Wiener
Library was transferred from London to Tel Aviv University.
The continuously growing library comprises publications on the
Third Reich, Europe during and between the two world wars, Jewish
communities in Europe, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism and fascism
throughout the world.
The publications include approximately 150,000 books, reference
works, pamphlets and journals ; over one million indexed
newspaper clippings, unpublished memoirs and interviews ; around 40,000
documents on the Nuremberg trials ; various editions and extensive
literature on The Protocols of the Elders of Zion ; dossiers on war
criminals ; documents on the Jewish Question taken from
records of the Gestapo, the Reichskanzlei and the Foreign Office of
the Third Reich ; more than 500 microfilm and microfiche titles and 300 subscriptions to journals,
both Holocaust and extreme right wing/Holocaust denial.
Today the library is open to students, researchers from Israel
and abroad and the general public.
International conferences and research seminars on relevant topics
take place on the Wiener Library premises situated on the Tel
Aviv University campus.
For additional information, please read the article
"Spotlight on the Wiener Library" (Tel Aviv University News, 2012).
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